Hey guys, an update for FIFA 17.
It appears to be working absolutely fine with the Geo-filter. When searching it shows blocked players it was trying to put you with and then should match you with someone inside your radius. If it doesn't then just search again and should work.
In the case when you cannot match with another player and you have a dedicated server within your radius it will connect you both to that so you can join each other. In this scenario we found the game to be more laggy. So would definitely recommend excluding any dedicated servers from your radius (you should see these when you boot up the game) and just force a connection directly to a player within your radius.
You are also able to force connections with players away from your home. For example, I am based in the UK and I forced a game with a player in Saudi Arabia.
If you're having any issues let me know in this thread so I can look out for them.